Mosquito Control

Mosquitoes are the most important insect pests affecting the health of people and animals in all climatic conditions.Mosquitoes are cosmopolitan . Most of the Females of most species are ectoparasites and  feed on  blood.. Different species feed on the blood of various kinds of hosts, mainly  mammalsbirdsreptilesamphibians, etc.

Imporatnt Species of Mosquitoes that act as disease vectors: 

  1. Anopheles quadrimaculatus 
  2. Culex pipiens 
  3. Aedes aegypti 


Cockroach Control

Life Cycle:

Mosquitoes go through four stages in their lifecycles: egglarvapupa, and adult or imago

In most species, adult females lay their eggs in ( on the surface of ) stagnant water. The female mosquito needs to have a blood meal to obtain nutrients to produce eggs. It sucks blood by puncturing its mouthparts to the skin, injects a small amount of saliva into the wound and feeds on blood. The saliva makes penetration easier and prevents the blood from clotting during feeding. Male mosquitoes feed only on nectar, plant juice and liquid carbohydrate and they die shortly after mating. However, females feed blood meal and will live for about a week to month. Some species live up to 6 months.


Diseases spread by Mosquitoes:

Mosquitoes can act as vectors for many disease-causing viruses and parasites. Infected mosquitoes carry these organisms from person to person without exhibiting symptoms themselves.

Mosquito-borne diseases include:

  1. Viral diseases, such as yellow feverdengue fever, and chikungunya, transmitted mostly by Aedes aegypti
  2. The parasitic diseases collectively called malaria, caused by Plasmodium, carried by female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles
  3. Lymphatic filariasis (the main cause of elephantiasis) which can be spread by a wide variety of mosquito species
  4. West Nile virus 
  5. Zika 
  6. Japanese Encephalitis

Thus  mosquitoes are the deadliset of all pests.

Effective mosquito control programme includes:

  1. Proper sanitation (removing  water, and shelter), 
  2. Habitat disruption,/ breeding source reduction.
  3. Biological control, 
  4. Mechanical control, 
  5. Self-protection 
  6. Chemical control :

Mosquito life spends 80 % of their life in water. Ie eggstage, larval stage, pupa stage and adult fly out of water body.  As mosquito lavae moult four times before they become pupa.,Use of  Insect Growth Regulator finds very effective way as larva cannot molt and evertually die. However , IGR will not impact on the eggs , pupa In the water.

Adult mosquito is effectively controlled by use of cold fogging in the environment and  Indoor Residual surface treatments.


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